Category Archives: Computer
With computer turning into an indispensable piece of our lives, clearly we are living in times where we are overwhelmed with offers from merchants advancing spectacular surplus computer parts. Surplus computer parts are only utilized computer parts that are available to be purchased.
Get any neighborhood arranged, and you will find that there are truly many promotions guaranteeing to give you the best arrangements on surplus computer parts. When purchasing surplus computer parts, dependably be watchful and get it from a presumed merchant. Along these lines, the odds of a section turning sour or not working at all is limited.
When purchasing any utilized part, pay special mind to minor harms that are not noticeable at first. For example, on the off chance that you are in the market for an utilized tablet screen, look in the corners for any chipped plastic around the LCD screen. Such meticulousness is important to dodge future bothers. This means basically any segment that you need to purchase ought to be checked completely. Wires are a decent illustration. An overheated wire, for instance, could be conceivably unsafe to utilize. Same is the situation with a dissolved line or power box.
Any frill that you have to buy ought to be cross checked before you settle on your definitive buy choice. For example, batteries may have been working for a drawn out stretch of time, and it is constantly better to check the batteries for breaks or different sorts of harm. Hard plate drives accessible in the surplus markets are critical frill that are inclined to debacle if not checked appropriately, similar to the ports and other associating gadgets required in a computer. One can get broad data on both purchasing and picking surplus computer parts through a basic inquiry on the Internet.
Much the same as your auto, a PC needs a tad bit of support now and then to keep it running easily. One undertaking frequently disregarded is defragmenting the hard drive. Exactly what is hard drive defragmenting, and why would it be advisable for you to isn’t that right?
What Is File Fragmentation?
Think about your PC’s hard plate drive as a vast file organizer for your information. Each organizer in the bureau speaks to a document, and the papers filling the envelope speak to the bytes of information that make up the record.
So as to guarantee quick access to your papers, you need to keep the organizers at the front of the file organizer full, so they can be pulled from as fast as could be expected under the circumstances. Suppose, in any case, that when you get another cluster of printed material, you totally top off the organizer, have more envelopes of papers to store, and the envelopes beside it are full too. In most recording frameworks, the additional printed material is moved to another bureau and a note left in the first organizer as to where the overload is put away.
Your PC works similarly. Space is allotted on the hard drive to keep every record. To keep your PC running easily, records are frequently put away ideal alongside each other in the most readily accessible space. In any case, on the off chance that you about-face and add a couple pages to that story you were composing, the PC doesn’t perceive any space on the hard drive to store the new information. In this way, it moves the new information into the following accessible spot on the hard drive and leaves itself a “note” of sorts as to where whatever is left of your record is. This part of the record into discrete pieces is known as “document fracture”.
Why would it be advisable for me to Defragment My Hard Drive?
As an ever increasing number of records turn out to be increasingly divided, the more it takes your PC to get to these documents, regardless of whether you’re opening, altering, or notwithstanding erasing them. On the off chance that we return to our file organizer similarity, when somebody asks for the whole load of a specific envelope, the documenting representatives may need to visit 3-4 distinct organizers to dispatch the request. This same correct thing is going on your hard drive.
What Does Defragmenting My Hard Drive Do?
The plate defragmentation handle takes every one of the bits of a document and assembles them in one single spot on the hard drive. Also, your document is moved toward the front of the drive with the goal that it can be gotten to speedier.
How Often Do I Need to Defragment My Hard Drive?
This relies on upon how you utilize your PC. On the off chance that you get to a great deal of substantial documents consistently, odds are your records will section more rapidly than somebody who just checks his email several times each week. As a rule, the normal home client ought to defragment his or her hard drive 4-6 times each year (which is each 2-3 months).
How Do I Defragment My Hard Drive?
On Windows, you right tap on the drive you wish to defragment, and select properties and tap on the “apparatuses” tab. The second alternative is to defrag now. Tap on this and plan to hold up a while. Contingent upon the span of your drive and the speed of your PC it might take from thirty minutes to two or three hours.
Portable workstations are utilized by every one of us at different focuses in our working lives. They help us in keeping touch, finishing work, at whatever point we are moving. The versatility of this machine in addition to other things depends intensely on the batteries. Save portable workstation batteries empower individuals to work for extend periods of time on flights or in remote spots where control associations are either inaccessible or difficult to find.
Most tablets batteries today are lithium polymer batteries or Lithium particle batteries. Apple’s Mac Book utilizes these lithium polymer batteries. When one purchases a portable PC, purchasing an extra battery likewise bodes well. Along these lines, there is never a shot that one is stuck up with a released portable PC and unfinished work. Also, portable workstation batteries are best obtained from a devoted producer just as nonexclusive ones may make tablets smolder truly.
In the event that you purchase extra batteries, all you need to when your fundamental battery is biting the dust is to change the battery. This switch should be possible effectively if the tablet has the usefulness of battery swapping. Else, one can place portable workstation in hibernation and do the switch.
Presently, comes the apropos question, when would it be advisable for one to purchase saves? In spite of the fact that, the best time is the point at which you are purchasing the tablet, put resources into extra batteries too. In the event that you have chosen to sit tight for quite a while, get them now. Tablets utilize much battery control when hard drives and CD drives and so on are utilized. For the most part when we chip away at portable workstations, we listen to melodies and so on, utilize hard circles to get to vast records thus the battery use is much more.
In the event that you are in propensity for utilizing the physical gadgets then you may confront battery release at whatever time and at some point at most awkward spots.
Save batteries are not all that costly now and are unreservedly accessible. Regardless of the possibility that you don’t have time or access to a physical store/merchant, don’t stress as eBay and other online stores have numerous dealers. Search for the brand you need and get it conveyed at your doorstep.
In the event that you traverse mainlands, you will require a battery as at a few spots you may discover the power fittings are an alternate make from the one you require. At such circumstances, you may need to chase for power connector fitting and pay a top notch cost. Save battery can help you work in such circumstances.
Save portable PC batteries make our life less demanding or every one of us. When you are purchasing save batteries, it is a smart thought to twofold check the make and maker. You may call the tablet maker to affirm what sort of battery can be utilized as a part of your portable workstation. Search for unique batteries and be careful about utilized ones, exchanged in the wake of restoring.
Portable workstation batteries are essential embellishment and must be purchased after due care and research.
Previously, PC cases were all fundamentally the same as… Clones of a similar exhausting, beige box. With the majority of the decisions accessible today, this is no longer the ‘case’, and individuals can utilize their frameworks’ undercarriage as a way to convey what needs be and to separate their framework from the rest. Despite the fact that appearance might be a major one, it isn’t the main figure the choice procedure and the accompanying things ought to be considered when looking for another PC case.
1. Shape Factor
There are diverse sizes of motherboards, which thusly require distinctive cases to house them. Case frame components share the names of the motherboards they support, and a portion of the basic ones incorporate ATX, Micro ATX (mATX), FlexATX and Mini ITX. ATX motherboards are maybe the most widely recognized, and the biggest of the four, measuring at most 12″ x 9.6″ (305mm x 244mm). A Micro ATX board is at most 9.6″ x 9.6″ (244mm x 244mm), a FlexATX is 9.0″ x 7.5″ (229mm x 191mm) and a Mini ITX comes in at a small 6.7″ x 6.7″ (170mm x 170mm). ATX and mATX are by a long shot the most mainstream motherboard sizes for buyer motherboards, and subsequently, most cases are made to bolster either of these sizes.
A mATX motherboard can clearly fit in a littler fenced in area than an ATX motherboard, and in this way there are diverse size cases accessible to coordinate. The bigger cases are for the most part descending good with littler from element motherboards, however the inverse is not valid. For instance, somebody with this Amptron mATX motherboard could spare a couple inches and introduce it in this 14.25″ tall mATX case, or pick something like this dark ATX case that stands slightly taller at 16.5″.
Many marked frameworks (ones that you may purchase prebuilt and with preinstalled programming) are normally a mix of a standard shape component (such a mATX) with some sort of exclusive outline (typically in the front board switches and it’s cabling) and purchasing another case for these sorts of motherboards can be dubious. Some marked frameworks additionally utilize lesser utilized shape components, for example, NLX and LPX (which worker riser cards for the development openings) and discovering substitution cases for these sort of frameworks can be an extremely troublesome and expensive attempt.
A littler framework might be alluring where space is tight, however bigger shape calculate cases give more space to numerous drives and different peripherals, and a littler motherboard might be more qualified to a bigger case in a framework, for example, this.
Size may oblige frame figure many regards, however even while considering instances of a similar shape calculate, there can be varieties in size in a couple regards. Territories where size can differ are in general measurements, the quantity of uncovered 5.25″ and 3.5″ narrows, and the quantity of inside inlets.
ATX cases clearly should be sufficiently substantial to hold an ATX motherboard; some are sufficiently vast, while others appear to be enormous in correlation. On the off chance that a case needs to fit under a low retire, or between things of a specific width, it is essential to pick a fittingly measured case. Cases come in two fundamental setups with regards to their size and shape, either desktop or tower. Desktop cases are more extensive than they are tall and are situated so the motherboard lays level, while tower cases have the motherboard standing upright, and come in three fundamental statures… scaled down tower, mid tower, and full tower. Tower cases are more normal nowadays, and as of now the main style in the Computer Geeks case stock.
The quantity of uncovered drive sounds is by and large in direct extent to the general size of the case. A higher number of uncovered 5.25″ sounds might be attractive for those with more than one DVD or CD drive, removable drive racks, and fan controllers. Uncovered 3.5″ straights are by and large possessed by floppy drives, Zip drives, fan controllers, and things like this 9-in-1 Card Reader, and much of the time you may get maybe a couple of these coves, most extreme. This case is fundamentally the same as in appearance to this other one, yet they have one distinction that may end up being an immense element. They both have four uncovered 5.25″ inlets, however one has two uncovered 3.5″ coves while the other just has one. On the off chance that a client had a floppy drive and the 9-in-1 card peruser, they would either need to introduce just a single, or utilize a connector and take up one of their 5.25″ bayous.
Inward inlets are by and large saved for hard drives, and frameworks with numerous drives require the important space. Along these lines, if a client chose he truly needed a yellow shaded case, however required space for five hard drives, he would be compelled to pick this one (5 inside drive inlets) over this one (4 interior drive bayous).
Cooling is a basic element to consider while selecting a PC case. Top of the line frameworks can create a decent arrangement of warmth, and the case should be enough cooled to keep the framework running and stable.
The fundamental design for case cooling includes having one admission fan on the lower bit of the front surface, and one fumes fan higher up on the back surface. This permits cooler air to be attracted, disregarded the different warmth creating segments, and depleted out the back. There are numerous other cooling setups accessible that may give changes as far as cooling execution and clamor.
One approach to abatement commotion, and maybe move more air, is for a case to utilize 120mm (4″) fans rather than the standard 80mm (3″) fans, as bigger fans don’t have to turn as quick to push a similar volume of air. This A-Top Z-Alien uses a 120mm fumes fan that likewise includes another key element to great cooling. The fan flame broil is exceptionally open, implying that there will be negligible imperviousness to wind current and diminished commotion as the air surges past it. Many fan flame broils are produced using puncturing the case’s sheet metal, and they don’t give enough open range to great wind current.
Another way to deal with better cooling is to toss more fans at the warmth. This Matrix case adds another fan to the side board which will attract cool air ideal on top of the processor and video card, two of the more sweltering things in a framework. Different cases will add a fumes fan to the highest point of the case, which pushes the warmth out simply like a smokestack.
Regardless of the approach, cooling is one territory that necessities close thought with regards to cases expected for now’s powerful frameworks.
4. Establishment Features
Introducing a framework into a case can be a tedious undertaking, which can get to be distinctly irritating to the individuals who wind up in a persistent cycle of overhauling. Many cases now incorporate helpful components to make establishment much less difficult, and far less tedious
Some of these helpful establishment highlights incorporate a removable motherboard plate, removable drive confines, device less development card mounts, instrument less side boards, and device less drive rail frameworks. Having the capacity to evacuate the motherboard plate and drive confine makes it simpler to chip away at those particular ranges in the open, and having a device less framework for mounting drives or cards implies there is no requirement for screws or a screw driver. Unquestionably helps!
In spite of the fact that the posting on the Computer Geeks site does not determine it, this X-Blade ATX case highlights both a removable drive enclosure and apparatus less drive rail framework, as indicated by this audit.
5. Accommodation Items
It is insufficient for a case to house a PC framework any more, it now needs to multi-errand. Having frequently utilized associations on the front or top of the case is one basic comfort highlight that many individuals search for. Cases, for example, this A-Top Z-Alien model let clients disregard the irritation of stretching around the back of their case to connect things to, as USB, Firewire, earphone and mouthpiece jacks are situated on the top.
Different cases are accessible that take accommodation to another level by including timekeepers, advanced thermometers that screen particular segments, and fan controllers to help keep up a sound harmony amongst clamor and cooling execution.
A couple of years back cases just came in one shading and one essential style… plain beige boxes. In case you’re nostalgic for the long time past days of PC cases, Computer Geeks still has one available to be purchased in this style, the KG-200. Be that as it may, cases now come in styles from mellow to wild, and in an entire rainbow of hues. Some have vast windows in the side board to flaunt the case’s internal parts, some incorporate unique lighting impacts, and some have appearances that may alarm the children. Now there is by all accounts few points of confinement on the off chance that outline, yet there are dependably traditionally styled cases in upgraded shading plans for the individuals who need something present day looking, yet nothing excessively exceptional.
7. Control Supply
Many cases are sold with a power supply included, however this power supply won’t not be the right one for the framework to be introduced within it. A sufficient power supply should be taken care of the requests of the framework, and this might just mean purchasing an extra power supply to supplant the one included, or selecting an alternate case with an all the more fittingly measured power supply.
For instance, somebody may choose their top of the line gaming framework would go well in this dark ATX case, however the included 300W power supply may not be sufficiently solid for a choice representation card, various drives, water cooling, and other power hungry peripherals that may be introduced.
The development of batteries is maybe a standout amongst the most helpful advancements of the cutting edge times. In the contemporary world which is overflowing with a wide range of gadgetry, the significance of batteries is getting to be clearer to us.
We as a whole despise basic batteries for they are so temperamental. It bites the dust inside a limited ability to focus time and afterward add on to the garbage of our homes. The better choice is to purchase rechargeable batteries that are in reality better and helpful in contrast with the previous. The route by which these rechargeable batteries capacity is comparable to the way your normal batteries work. The main contrast is that when the need of substitution emerges, you should simply to energize these batteries and utilize it once more.
Rechargeable batteries can likewise be named as shoddy batteries as they maintain a strategic distance from the bother of strolling to the high road shop to purchase another one inevitably. The electronic contraptions are various and always expanding. Subsequently improving the requirement for these rechargeable batteries. From charging your tickers or stereo to lights or toys, a genuinely vast piece of our family chips away at these batteries. For example, on the off chance that you continually need to work your portable PC while voyaging, then you can stick on to the rechargeable tablet battery instead of settling on the ordinary batteries, for they are in reality supportive to keep your device continue forever.
These modest batteries have made our lives less demanding and advantageous. Almost all the top assembling brands are into creating these sorts of batteries. So disregard your old basic batteries. See the new mantra of force which is developing as shabby rechargeable batteries.
Ensure that your USB port is working. Right tap on My Computer and select Properties then tap on Device Manager and you ought not perceive any yellow outcry focuses (take note of that you ought to have your glimmer drive connected to). On the off chance that you do see yellow outcry focuses then tap on it and Remover it. At that point restart your PC after you have evacuated all outcry focuses. Windows ought to then reinstall the driver effectively. You ought to check this once you restart. In the event that regardless you have inconveniences, it might be on account of windows require a particular driver for this.
The glimmer drive itself most likely doesn’t have any product yet you might need to check the fabricates site as there might be known issues while connecting it to a win98 machine. Some Flash drives have a slide switch that makes them compose secured. You might need to check for one on yours. In the event that that is not the issue, I would go to the maker’s site. Diverse drives have distinctive elements. You may need to download an utility to reformat it. Streak drives generally work with Windows XP appropriate out of the container. For Windows 98, you generally need to introduce drivers for the specific drive that you have.
In the event that you go to the glimmer drive maker’s site, they will more than likely have drivers for Win. 98. What I do is expel the hard drive from the old machine, unplug the CD player on the new machine, and connect the old hard drive to the new CD link. At that point I boot up and duplicate all that I need to exchange utilizing Win Explorer. A USB streak drive ought to work fine. Best costs I have seen are at Wal-Mart and they extend from $18 for a 128 MB stick to $78 for a 1 GB drive. The main issue is that Windows 98 does not remember them as fitting and-play and you should download a driver for it. XP is programmed.
This does positively stable like indications of Spyware. In case you’re attempting to reinforcement and it’s not working you fundamentally have two choices: First, you might need to attempt a USB Stick (Flash Drive) which are generally $15 USD, $10 GBP and back information up to that. Second you could attempt an online reinforcement arrangement, for example, Carbonate which is just about $50 a year for boundless information reinforcement.
When you have went down your information and you’re prepared to reinstall Windows: If you have a recuperation plate from your maker, or you could go to there site page and see what sort of data that they may have that I was not ready to let you know. You could conceivable email them about the issue that you are having and see what they need to say in regards to what may not be right or what you may need to change so that you PC will work for you. On the off chance that you see a number on there site page then you could call them and address somebody straightforwardly and disclose the issue to them.
Every single electronic repairer ought to know how to peruse the transistor cross reference proportional book in the event that they need to prevail in electronic repairs. The information sheet is vital for each specialists and experts since it can help them to discover the closest swap for the segments that they are looking, for example, the transistor, scr, mosfet, ic, diode and different parts.
The renowned transistor cross reference book is the Philip ECG semiconductor ace substitution manage. In the substance you can locate all sort of electronic parts detail and ic schematic as well. It is one of the must “have” semiconductor control for the individuals who adore electronic investigating. The inner graph or format of ic is obviously drawn and the transistor parameters were additionally recorded in this book. The cost of this guide is not costly and as an electronic repairer you ought to get one. Simply envision without this book, you will confront trouble finding the correct part for substitution.
In this book, many sorts of transistor information and particular were recorded, for example, the bipolar transistor, silicon controlled rectifier, fet field impact transistor (Mosfet), intersection field impact transistor (jfet), flag transistors, high voltage transistor, for example, the flat yield transistor (HOT), silicon control transistor, surface mounted transistor, computerized transistor and numerous different sorts. In spite of the fact that you can discover a substitution part number from the typical transistor information manual, the ECG philips ace substitution book is more enlightening. The ordinary transistor substitution book just give the voltage (v), current (amp) and wattage (w) rating for HOT however the ECG ace comparable guide appear past than that, for example, the recurrence , current pick up (hfe) and the viewpoint excessively . Other than HOT, the typical transistor information book gives a great or very precise correlation part number for you to allude.
There is one mystery that I need to share to you about transistor cross reference equal. In the event that you are looking substitution part number for a flag transistor, a higher voltage, ampere, and wattage will be sufficient yet not for the situation in the event that you need to discover a substitution part number for level yield transistor (HOT). Higher voltage, ampere and wattage won’t generally work in light of the fact that there is couple of more parameter that you have to think about. You may inquire as to why the transistor blow regardless of the possibility that it has a higher voltage, higher present and higher wattage contrast with the first one.
The other parameter that you have to see is the exchanging time which we call it the capacity and fall time. Diverse HOT have distinctive spec, on the off chance that you truly need to discover a substitution for HOT, ensure you look at the capacity and fall time parameter other than the higher voltage, current and wattage rating. Hunting the web down the segments detail is simple simply sort in the segment part number take after by datasheet, information sheet, determination, spec, information, proportionate, part number, distinguishing proof, checking, pinout, sorts, codes and cross reference. Generally the maker’s site will show up and takes after by other electronic provider site. Tap on the sites that you believe is pertinent to your hunt and trust you will get what you are seeking.
Concerning the above mystery, really I have tried on a significant quantities of Monitor with the capacity and fall time marginally out from the first parameter. After the substitution, the Monitor works fine however just for a brief period before it gets exceptionally hot. On the off chance that I keep on letting the Monitor run, I trust the HOT will blow! When I supplanted the HOT with another equal part number that have the determination about the same as the first one, (particularly the capacity and fall time), the Monitor run impeccably well. My dependable guideline is, dependably get the correct part number first before utilizing other number that you found from transistor cross reference book.
Motherboard is the ensuing most vital segment in your frameworks to the processor. It and its fundamental parts like chips, BIOS, store and so forth are the principle framework that uses to arrange whatever is left of the PCs, assuming the processor is the cerebrum of a figure. Motherboard and his contained segments is in all likelihood most basic piece of knowing to how a PCs function for the most part.
Taking after are the some of vital capacities which a motherboard plays on your frameworks:
Association: Every piece of your PC is at long last associated with the Motherboard and in the track of that really it is planned and laid out directs how the entire PC will be composed.
Oversee: Chips and BIOS program which incorporated into motherboard sort out the most information stream inside the PC and motherboard.
Correspondence: Approximately all correspondence between a PC and its parts, different PCs, and you, the client experiences the motherboard.
Fringe Support: For building a custom manufactured PC, motherboard sets out to which kind of segments can incorporate into your PC. Notwithstanding you can utilize quality peripherals in your PC as indicated by your motherboard.
Execution: For two vital causes, motherboard is a primary deciding element in your PC. The first and a main one is that the motherboard decides to what sort of memory, hard circle, framework transports and processor use in a framework to make it speedier, and these fringe give straightforwardly your framework’s execution. The second one is the nature of the motherboard hardware and chipset which have an impact on the motherboard execution.
With the turn of the century, innovative headways and computerized frameworks have altered the way of life of numerous people everywhere throughout the world. Individuals have turned out to be totally reliant on PC frameworks for work, excitement, and correspondence. The tablet is an innovative wonder of the 21st century. They are compact PCs, requiring no intricate wiring.
Today’s portable PC advertise offers a wide determination of tablets with various components. With such a variety of alternatives, purchasers are encouraged to precisely assess their requirements and think about elements of various tablets before obtaining them. Processor speed is one of the key components for the correlation of portable PCs. It decides the speed at which the portable PC can recover information and data. The lower the speed the less expensive the portable workstation is. Framework memory is another critical component to be considered while looking at portable workstations. Framework memory is basic for working various capacities at the same time. 128Mb and 256Mb are adequate for typical operations. In the event that the client needs to perform mind boggling and different capacities, 512Mb is suggested. The hard drive stores records, information, reports, and other data on the portable workstation. 10GB to 20GB hard drives are adequate for portable PCs. The optical drive alludes to outside capacity perusers and can be a CD-ROM, CD-RW, or DVD-ROM or RW or a mix of both. The optical drive permits the client to peruse records and data from minimal circles or DVD plates. It likewise permits the client to compose records to the plate for compact stockpiling. Purchasers are prescribed to decide the kind of optical drive that would best suit their necessities before buying the portable workstations. Clients ought to likewise contrast Internet network highlights accessible and diverse tablets, for example, inward modems and remote availability. A few tablets are just perfect with particular working frameworks, for example, Linux, Microsoft, Mac, etc. Clients are prescribed to pick portable PCs in light of the kind of working framework it offers.
Producers, for example, Dell, Apple, Compaq, Toshiba, and IBM have reinforced their position in the tablet market, and offer a wide choice of portable PCs with one of a kind elements and present day innovation.
You need to purchase a PC yet you are not ready to choose which one to go for, Branded or Assembled.
I have said a few favorable circumstances and drawbacks of both the sorts.
Marked PC:- Entire PC is amassed or packaged by marked organization with single brand name
utilizing OEM equipment. eg. Dell Optiplex PCs, HP Pavilion PCs, Compaq presario PCs, and so on.
Points of interest of marked PC
1. Accompanied Preloaded Operating framework.
2. Quality guaranteed in light of the fact that makes of Banded PCs are mastery in this industry.
3. We can expect great execution.
4. Great Service bolster.
5. Accompanied PC reestablish CD.
Hindrances of marked PC
1. 20 to 30 % costly when contrast with an amassed PC
2. Hard to update.
3. Unrealistic to redo the design
Collected PC:- Assemble a PC with equipment part and peripherals of different brands. Eg. make
a PC with Intel processor, Asus mother board, Seagate Hard plate, Sony DVD drive, LG screen,
Logitec mouse Samsung Keyboard and so on..
Favorable circumstances of a gathered PC
1. You can alter the arrangement.
2. simple to overhaul.
3. Less expensive when contrast with marked PC
4. A large portion of the parts accompany 3 to 5 year guarantee.
Burdens of a collected PC
1. Benefit support is poor.
2. Indeterminate about quality.
3. Need to buy OS independently.
At long last I might want to suggest Branded PCs for individuals who don’t need any migraines of
benefit bolster issues and would prefer not to overhaul their PCs. These PCs are useful for corporate.
Collected PCs for individuals who know PC equipment well, they can deal with specialized issue
themselves, Prefer to redesign the equipment much of the time.